Whangarei has a fascinating range of flora and fauna - from the rarest bird to the stunning crimson and gold of native flowers.
THE KIWI STORY
Limestone / Matakohe Island in the Whangarei Harbour, is a ‘Kiwi creche’ for the raising of kiwi birds that are then released into wild habitats. Backyard Kiwi works to ensure that predator control, kiwi monitoring, landowner liaison and engagement, carries on to keep our kiwi population alive and growing on the Whangarei Heads peninsula. Marunui Conservation Reserve, a privately owned native forest situated near the Brynderwyn Hills, is also home to kiwi that were raised on Motoura Island and relocated in 2013.
With a population of around 43 birds and less than 12 breeding pairs, the NZ fairy tern or tara-iti is one of NZ’s rarest birds. Once widespread, their habitat is now restricted to only four sites, with some of these birds nesting and feeding in Waipu and Ruakaka Wildlife Sanctuaries. Find out more at the NZ Fairy Tern Charitable Trust website.
BROWN TEAL OR PATEKE
The brown teal, or pāteke, is a small dabbling duck species endemic to New Zealand. They once live throughout the lowland freshwater wetlands and forests of NZ but it is now NZ’s rarest mainland waterfowl. Mimiwhangata Coastal Park forms the last mainland stronghold for this small, secretive, mostly nocturnal duck with around 250 found in this area.
NZ's most iconic reptile and last living relative of the dinosaurs, Tuatara are rare, medium-sized reptiles (adults ranging from about 300g to 1000g) found only in New Zealand. Tuatara once lived throughout the mainland of New Zealand but have survived in the wild only on 32 offshore islands. Tuatara is a Maori word meaning "spiny back".
You won’t see tuatara in the wild but don’t miss a visit to KiwiNorth where you can see two of these fascinating creatures.
BULLER’S SHEARWATER AND TUATARA
Buller’s shearwaters are medium to large-sized seabirds with long slender hooked bills. Their sole breeding grounds are the Poor Knights Islands and recent estimates suggests there may be 100,000 pairs using Aorangi island, less than half of the estimate made in 1981. The birds dig burrows in the volcanic soil and return to the same nest year after year. They will share this burrow with the nocturnal tuatara.
At night, the tuatara leaves to feed, but will guard the Shearwater’s eggs during the day whilst the shearwater stays at sea feeding and resting on the surface. The tuatara will not eat its host’s egg, and the bird will not scratch at the eyes of its guest. This symbiotic relationship exists on few other offshore islands in NZ. After the breeding season, the birds migrate to the central South Pacific before heading north to the North Pacific Ocean.
Other unique and beautiful birds that enrich our skys and forests inlclude the wood pigeon kukupapa/kereru, tui, fantail piwakawa, the red-crowned parakeet kakariki and the tomtit miromiro. Take a walk through native forest and they will entertain and delight you.
Tuna kuwharuwharu (longfin eels) are of great significance to Maori culturally, nutritionally and economically and there are many traditional stories, artefacts, and songs about eels, which reinforce their importance to Maori. These threatened and important top predators are found nowhere else in the world.
The longfin eel lives up to 100 years and travels 2000km to the deep sea trenches near Tonga before mating and dying. After a couple of years, the young turn up back in NZ live and grow in our rivers and streams. In the past 100 years eel habitat has reduced as a result of urban and rural development, and barriers, such as hydro power stations, weirs, and pumps stations have meant making the trip up and down stream more difficult. Projects are in place to address these challenges and help keep the long-fin eel in our waterways.
LIFE IN THE OCEAN
Whangarei is blessed with 270 kilometres of outstanding coastline. Not surprisingly, these waters are home to a plethora of sea life.
Common and Bottlenose dolphins and several species of whales, including orca, minke, Bryde’s and pilot whales feed off the coast and it is not uncommon to see these awe inspiring creatures close to shore and within the District’s harbours.
Get up close and personal with the marine life by snorkelling or diving at one of the District’s marine reserves, but remember that these are reserves and no marine life, including shellfish can be taken:
- Poor Knights Island Marine Reserve
- Mimiwhangata Coastal Park
- Whangarei Harbour Marine Reserve - Motukaroro and Reotahi Marine Reserve
Just over 10% of the original indigenous forest remains today, with podocarp, kauri and broadleaf forests found on the rolling to steep hill country. Small fragmented remains or individual tress of old volcanic broadleaf forests survive on the rich volcanic soils of Maungatapere, Maunu, Whatitiri, Maungakaramea and Glenbervie. Some small stands of kauri remain, one of which can be viewed at AH Reed Kauri Park.
Northland is one of only two regions in New Zealand which has extensive forests of large mangrove trees. These forests are made up of a number of different types of habitats - mangrove stands, pneumatophore zones, seagrass beds, low-tide channels, channel banks, and mudflats.The richness of the mangrove habitat makes it an ideal spot for fish, crabs, snails and crustaceans to set up home, which in turn attract an abundance of sea birds and fish to these unique habitats.
In Whangarei, you can meander along boardwalks through mangrove forests on the Waimahanga Walkway, a pleasant walk located just a few kilometres from the city centre.
POOR KNIGHTS LILY
The Poor Knights Lily is unique to only three offshore islands in New Zealand, including the Poor Knights Islands off the Tutukaka Coast. The vivid red blooms provide a spectacular show that starts in October.
CRIMSON AND GOLD
Winter in the District is made more cheery as the native kowhai tree blooms in vibrant yellow. The blossoms provide a much needed food source for local nectar loving birds.
From November to January, the coast blazes with glorious red as gnarled pohutukawa trees blossom.